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Top 7 Elements And Components Of Interior Design


People often associate interior design with creativity and flair - but few realize that science plays an important role in the process. There are a few “rules” that professional interior designers follow, which are based on specific principles and elements of interior design.

To create a pleasing interior environment, all of the components of interior design must be balanced, including space, line, form, light, color, texture, and pattern.

Before we discuss the components of interior design, let me ask if you know what interior designing is? or what an interior designing company does? These most commonly asked questions should be familiar to you.

What Is Interior Design In Architecture?

Interior designers use behavior science to create functional rooms in buildings. The science includes determining the shape of the walls and floors of each room. Interior designers work very closely with architects to understand interior architecture and design the interior spaces. In order to handle a project in interior design, the expert needs to have extensive experience within the construction industry.

Discover the top 10 FAQ about interior design 2021, Everything you need to know!

7 Elements And Components Of Interior Design:

As an interior design company, we at mimAR believe interior design is both the science and the art of incorporating space, which has a great deal to do with the way our brains and bodies react to space around us.

Interior designers' job is to shape people's feelings and make them feel good in a way that makes them want to stay in a room for as long as they can.

Below are the seven elements of interior design that our designers usually consider when designing an interior.

  1. Space (Positive or Negative)
  2. Lines (Horizontal, Vertical, Dynamic)
  3. Shape
  4. Pattern
  5. Lighting (Natural or Artificial)
  6. Color
  7. Texture (Actual and Visual Texture)

Let's look at each of these components of interior design one by one and how they can help you create the home interior of your dreams.

1) Space

In terms of interior design, all seven elements above are essential, but the most important is space. As the name implies, interior design involves creating spaces within a building. It is possible to divide space into two categories: positive and negative.

Positive Space:

Positive space refers to the space occupied by decorations, such as a living room couch, dining table, and kitchen island etc. Read more about positive space in architecture

Negative Space:

Negative space is empty space in a room that gives it an airy and "open" feeling. An interior designer must also consider the spaces above the furniture in a 2D floor plan, in addition to the positive and negative spaces:

  • What is the ceiling height?
  • What feature on the ceiling would you like to put on display?
  • What should I do to showcase the fine quality of the furniture?

The challenge is finding the right balance between these two forms of space - not too crowded, not too sparse. Then it's uniquely tailored for you based on your house. Read more about negative space in architecture

2) Lines

The line is another key element that interior designers use to manipulate our perception of space. Line types are divided into three categories:

  • Horizontal
  • Vertical
  • Dynamic

Horizontal lines, for instance, create a sense of earthiness, security, warmth and stability. On the other hand, vertical lines make a space seem spacious and lofty. Let's explain them in detail.

Horizontal Lines:

Horizontal lines can create a peaceful, tranquil atmosphere in your home. Their presence grounds the space and makes it feel bigger and more spacious. In contrast, if you overuse this design element, your space could quickly become dull. Without vertical and dynamic lines, your space would lack visual appeal.

Vertical Lines:

Vertical lines attract your attention in the opposite direction from horizontals. As an example, if your home features tin ceiling tiles, an interior designer would integrate vertical lines that subconsciously draw your eye upwards to emphasize this feature. In contrast, overuse of vertical lines can make people feel constrained.

Dynamic Lines:

Movement and stimulation are implied by these lines. These lines and patterns are active and encourage your eye to walk in a certain direction or notice a pattern. Lines with zigzag, angular, and curving designs fall into this category, since each adds a different feeling to the room. In contrast, smooth and curvy lines enhance softness, smoothness, balance and energy in a room.

3) Shape or Form

An object produced by a collection of lines is called a form. Forms are made up of lines, whether horizontal, vertical, or dynamic. Geometric (angular) or natural (curved) shapes are both possible.

You can also find them open or closed. If your interior designer is well-versed in your style, he/she can mix and match forms to give your home any aesthetic you prefer, regardless of whether you want it to be earthy, modern, warm or cool.

4) Pattern

Forms and lines together make up a pattern, which belongs to the "line" family of elements. Just like shapes, patterns compliment a specific part of your home, whether it's the ceiling, stairs, or walls. If you want to achieve this look, use an eye-catching wallpaper or splash of color.

A pattern does not have to be intertwined with a wall. Their use can be seen everywhere, from picture frames to drapes, pillows to the grain in wood. Using patterns to decorate your home can give you a wide range of options.

5) Light

Interior designers use mood lighting or illumination that creates a specific mood. There are different types of light that connote different moods in a room, so how you use it can affect that mood.

The light that comes from nature can increase happiness and soothe a room, whereas fluorescent lighting feels cold and still. In order to enhance the mood of the space properly, it is important to understand the two types of lighting.

  • Natural Lighting
  • Artificial Lighting

Natural Lighting:

It's easy to showcase your beautiful paint colors or that particular piece of furniture you've been dying to show off with natural light sources.

Using a completely customized home, the designer is able to place the windows and doors precisely so that natural light cascades into any space. Curtains, shades, and drapes allow designers to manipulate the light in a room.

Artificial Lighting:

Natural lighting isn't always enough or designers may want artificial lighting to create a particular mood or highlight a particular artwork. Here are some options for you:

  • Task Lighting
  • Accent Lighting
  • Ambient Lighting

6) Color

In interior design, color conveys certain messages and moods, as our brains have been trained to interpret them in particular ways. Using them to produce the desired feeling for your home is the job of the interior designer.

Color wheels aren't important here, but we must understand that different colors evoke different opinions.

The green color represents peace and tranquility, the red color is intense and represents hunger, and the purple color symbolizes royalty. It is important to plan the color scheme of your home by considering each of its rooms.

7) Texture

Usually, textures describe how something feels. However, interior designers also need to take into account how textures look and feel.

There are two kinds of textures – actual texture and visual texture - and good designers can use both simultaneously for optimum effect.

Actual Texture:

It feels like this when a material is truly alive. Silk, for instance, feels smooth while linen can be crisp and rough. In contrast, leather has a different appearance from silk, which is also smooth.

Visual Texture:

The visual texture is the appearance of something to the eye. For instance, stone wallpaper isn't exactly the same as real stone, but it gives the impression that it is, setting off a rustic, traditional look rather than a more contemporary one.

What Does An Interior Designing Company Do?

Creating aesthetically pleasing spaces and rooms is the role of an interior designing company. From simple indoor and outdoor environments to hotel lobbies and luxurious mansions, the interior experts design spaces for homeowners, corporations, and big corporations.

All interior designers strive to create spaces that are functional, attractive, and safe while meeting each client's specific needs.

A variety of spaces can be created by interior designers using a variety of strategies, such as furniture placement, color palettes, decorations, and functional decor - from beautiful, functional living rooms to offices that people are eager to work in.

It is imperative that artwork, lighting, window treatments, and flooring are coordinated in order to achieve an overall look that meets the client's expectations.

Final Words

It is always necessary to combine these 7 factors to create the highest-quality interior design. That's when you'll be able to transform your house into something you've never imagined because you understand how to mix, match, and balance colors, lines, and space.

Having trouble coming up with a unique way to decorate the interior of your home? Need advice on where to begin? Mimar offers free interior design consultation, so you can choose the perfect design for your home.

Discover why you should hire a 3d architectural visualization company? Contact Us now and let us take your project to the next level. Find out more about our interior design process by visiting our website.

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