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Pakistan Architecture History

If you talk about Pakistani’s historical architects, you can write several books to study their importance. It tells you how important it has in the culture of the country.

The Indo-Islamic architecture is a mixture of Islamic and Indian history. Moreover, they are still preserved since the 16 and 18th centuries. These architectural monuments are still found in most regions of the country.

These extraordinary architectural buildings were constructed during the rise of the Mughal era. The fun part is, if you love to learn about history, you can still visit them. You will be enthralled to find out how significant these monuments are for the people of Pakistan.

Pakistani architectural begin to form its root during the Indus valley civilization. While most of the country now comprises urban development, you can still find some of these historical sites and visit with your friends and family to learn about the ancient Pakistani architectural monuments. Let’s explore some of the most famous architecture sites in Pakistan.

What Is The Origin Of Pakistan Architecture?

Pakistan architecture history is full of ancient classic buildings and monuments from different eras. It was once a part of the Indian subcontinent but now belongs to Pakistan itself. Ancient architecture begins with the Indus civilization which you might have studied a long time ago. If you’re looking for the origins of the architecture, you should know that its roots belonged to the ancient Greece of Buddhist architecture. Now, these historical places are preserved to remind the future generations of the great artists of ancient Pakistan.

You can find ancient Pakistan architecture in many historical sites. One of them is


Mohenjo-Daro was discovered in 1922 and is situated on the right bank of the Indus River in Sindh, Pakistan. Once you visit this place, you can see that the site belonged to the ancient Indus Valley Civilization.

Many past types of research have revealed that it was one of the largest cities of Indus civilization. If you are a history lover, you must be aware that Mohenjo-Daro becomes UNESCO World Heritage site, in 1980!

What Is Mohenjo-Daro Famous For?

Well, studies revealed that Mohenjo-Daro was famous for its art and architecture. The buildings consist of sculptures made of scare stones which represented bearded men. The aesthetics reveal that one of the significant works of figurative art from the place is a dancing girl covered in ancient jewelry. Moreover, you can also see the remarkable terracottas of buffalos and bulls in ancient society.

What happened to Mohenjo-Daro?

If you’re eager to know what happened to the most artistic society of ancient times, it was revealed that Mohenjo-Daro suffered from torrential rains and destructive floods which affected the whole civilization.

Pakistani Architecture Makhli in Thatta, Pakistan

Makli Necropolis is of the most interesting site you’ll ever come across. Makli was ruled by three dynasties along with the Mughal era. This ancient site is near Thatta and contains over 1 million tombs built over 400 years.

The necropolis is one of the largest in the entire world, spread across 10km. Do you know what’s fascinating about it? Ancient governors, kings, queens, saints, and scholars are buried under the stone monuments in Makli.

You can find their graves covered in lavish and aesthetic tiles and bricks. Moreover, if you are planning to visit this place, you can find ancient architecture tombs of great leaders' built-in astounding architectural styles. Nowadays, the urban culture of Pakistan provides a fusion of ancient cultural architecture in Makli.

What Is Makli Famous For?

Apart from being a burial place for ancient Islamic scholars and leaders, makli is a bright example of being an ancient site that developed the concept of stone decoration. Yes, you’ve heard that right. If you’re eager to learn about the stone decoration art, which was famous centuries ago, this architecture was adapted by looking at painted tiles. Furthermore, you can find Makli having great importance in the history of Sindh which reflects the ancient Indo-Pak culture and art.

What Makes Pakistani Architecture Unique?

Well, now that you have gone through the historical architecture of Pakistan’s monuments, let’s take you towards the golden heritage architectural structure known as Jalali-House in Srinagar, Kashmir.

The Jalali house was built by Agah Syed Safdar Jalali, who was an architect of his time. It is one of the exceptional architectural heritage in the history of Indo-Islamic culture. The historical architectural masterpiece gives you a place to shoot films and make travel videos to show it to the world.

The Jalali house has its charm. The ancient house was built with the finest architectural designs you will ever come across. It’s carved with traditional bricks, courtyards, latticeworks, and colorful windows in the region of Kashmir.

The Jalali house comprises geometrical wooden art that is famous for its decorative quality. It will make you awestruck once you visit the historical place.

The Jalali Heritage house is not just a tourist destination, it is also known as a museum that preserves the old architecture of the subcontinent. Once you visit the glorious place, you will see that it wasn’t just famous for shooting films. Instead, the Jalali house had great importance in the political era of Pakistanis.

The extraordinary Jalali house is surrounded by enormous halls and wooden staircases. Historians believed that this place hosted the great Quaid-E-Azam with his political members. Moreover, the famous heritage was also a ‘Deewan khana’, also known as a meeting place for men from the past era.

So, the Pakistani architecture history not only enlightens you with their well-crafted wooden monuments. It makes you aware of the strong cultural and Islamic values it possessed.

You can find most of Pakistan Architecture buildings in Sindh and Punjab. So, if you’re a traveler who loves to explore places that have significant importance in the history books or are famous for their complex woodwork, you should visit Pakistani architectural monuments and learn the story behind each site and region that belongs to the famous Kings and Queens of their time.



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